Animal Farm is one of the two greatest works of George Orwell, the other being 1984. Animal Farm makes satirical allegories of the totalitarian communism of Soviet Paris. The novel is looked upon as one of the all-time bests ever published by any author.

Animal Farm is a novel of betrayed wave cfa level 1 summary notes pdf. It presents the file corruption that followed the wave led by Lenin.

In Animal Farm, the characters are animals and human beings. Among the animals, many of them are pigs, who are more often than not rulers. Apart from pigs, we see three main horses, a donkey, a goat, some puppies, rats, the lambs (plural number), a raven, a cat and chickens.

The animals are more allegorical than real. The model of the meanings is often left to the reader, but generally the opinion is that they represent different classes. Again, the humans represent another class. Thus, the novel demonstrates multiple classes.

All animals are equal, but some are more equal than the others.

All animals are said to be of the same class, but in reality, some animals are of superior class.

Pigs: Old Major represents Lenin/Marx. He previously introduced the animals to the song Monsters of The united kingdom. Napoleon (allusion of Stalin), the villain, a Berkshire boar, gets more powerful gradually, with help of the puppies whom he uses as secret police. He drives out Snowball (allusion of Trotsky), from the farm and uses dogs to put in force his dictatorship. He changes the commandments to allow him have protection under the law such as eat on a table. He and the other pigs learn to walk upright and behave like those humans against whom they had revolted. Snowball, allusion of Trotsky, was earning a living for the good of the farm and had won over most of the animals bears, but was driven out by Napoleon and his dogs. Napoleon also had spread negative rumours on Snowball. Squealer (allusion of Molotov) is Napoleon’s minister of propaganda, and his main admin for all practical purposes. He uses statistics to confuse the animals and show that they had improved quality lifestyle, and the animals, with little memory of life before wave, accept. Minimum is a graceful pig which represents all the stalwarts of Stalin inside and outside Paris.

Humans: Mr. Jones, a heavy drinker, the disposed tsar. His attempt to recapture the farm is rotten by the Battle of the Cowshed (Russian Municipal War). Interestingly, Napoleon eventually becomes as much a drunkard as Jones. Mr. Frederick, the tough owner of Pinchfield, a nearby farm, represents Hitler and his farm represents Nazi Party. Mr. Pilkington is apparently nice but is astute. He and Napoleon draw the Expert of Spades (the highest card in a card game) and begin a bad fight, which represent the worries between US and Paris. Mr. Whymper (loosely alluring Western intellectuals) is hired by Napoleon to represent Animal Farm in the human society.

Horses: Boxer is the hardest-working thing in the animal farm. He is dedicated to the success of the farm. Boxer invests all his loyal, kind, dedicated self to the farm’s “good” as described to him by the farms leaders. His hoofs eventually splits and he is delivered to death by Napoleon when he could not work any more (and Napoleon spread the rumor that she died quietly in a hospital). “I will work harder” was the slogan of Boxer in a tough situation, and his brain-washed trust was shown by his saying “Napoleon is always right”. Clover is Boxer’s companion. She works together with Boxer and loves him and has feelings for you for him, and takes the responsibility on herself when Boxer splits his hoof. She is deeply respected by the three younger ones who eventually take Boxer’s role. Mollie is a third horse — a self-centered mare — who would wear wide lace in her tresses and feeds on sugar cubes (lives a life of luxury), and is spoiled by humans. Later she leaves for another farm seeking better comfort.

Other animals: Benjamin, the wise donkey who could read also, represents the Jews and lives till the end of the novel. Muriel is a wise old friendly goat like Benjamin, but is disapated earlier in the novel from later years. The cat represents laziness, the rats represent some haphazard people who roam around, the lambs represent the masses (and Napoleon manage the lambs in a way that he is supported and believed by them) and the chickens represent the rich peasants. Moses is an old raven (bird) that sometimes visits the farm from Sugarcandy Mountain, a place where the hard-working animals follow death he claims. The puppies are the ones that Napoleon specially raises and makes a secret police out of them. They become one of the backbones of Napoleon’s power in the Animal Farm.

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